A Facebook post circulating in February 2021 claims that South Africa has confirmed its “first three Ebola cases”.
Ebola is a viral, deadly haemorrhagic fever. According to the World Health Organization, patients begin to show symptoms anywhere from two to 21 days after exposure to the virus. Symptoms include fever, weakness, muscular pain, headaches and sore throat.
There are two licensed Ebola vaccines, according to the WHO. But there are limited quantities of the vaccine, and it is not given to everyone at risk.
Only Ebola case in South Africa in 1996
There have been no reported cases of Ebola in South Africa in early 2021.
The only confirmed case of Ebola virus in a human in South Africa dates back to 1996, Dr Jacqueline Weyer, senior medical scientist in the Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Diseases at the National Institute for Communicable Diseases, previously told Africa Check.
If any cases of Ebola had been confirmed, this would have been reported by the NICD and South Africa’s department of health.
It would also have been covered widely in the media, but this was not the case.
The Facebook post is false.
For publishers: what to do if your post is rated false
A fact-checker has rated your Facebook or Instagram post as “false”. What should you do? First, don't delete!
Click on our guide for the steps you should follow.
Africa Check teams up with Facebook
Africa Check is a partner in Facebook’s third-party fact-checking programme to help stop the spread of false information on social media.
The content we rate as “false” will be downgraded on Facebook and Instagram. This means fewer people will see it.
You can also help identify false information on Facebook. This guide explains how.