British poet, playwright and actor William Shakespeare is regarded as one of the greatest writers in the English language.
Shakespeare lived from 1564 to 1616 and wrote at least 37 plays, according to the British Library. Hamlet, Othello, King Lear and Macbeth are among the more famous.
A Facebook page with close to 9 million followers posted a meme with a quote on how to achieve happiness, attributed to Shakespeare. The meme and similar versions of it have been widelyshared by Facebook users in Nigeria, South Africa and Kenya.
The quote reads: “I always feel happy, you know why? Because I don’t expect anything from anyone. Expectations always hurt. Life is short, so love your life, be happy. And keep smiling. Just live for yourself and before you speak, listen. Before you write, think. Before you spend, earn. Before you pray, forgive. Before you hurt, feel. Before you quit, try. Before you die, live.”
‘Language all wrong’
Africa Check contacted the Folger Shakespeare Library, which has the world's largest collection of materials relating to the writer and his works from the 16th century on.
Rachel Dankert, the library’s learning and engagement librarian, told us no such quote by Shakespeare exists at the library, and it is not by him.
“That is definitely not Shakespeare,” she said. “The cadence, language, are all wrong and no phrases from the larger quote appears in Shakespeare.”
The Shakespeare Birthplace Trust agreed. It’s an independent charity that cares for Shakespeare heritage sites and promotes the understanding of his works, life and times across the world.
“This quote is not a Shakespeare quote and has been wrongly attributed,” the organisation’s reader services team told Africa Check. “It is not in early modern English.”
Adapted from William Arthur Ward poem
The last part of the quote seems to have been lifted from the poem Before You by William Arthur Ward, a 20th century writer of inspirational proverbs.
He wrote more than 100 articles, poems and meditations published in magazines such as Reader's Digest, Science of Mind and various Christian publications.
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