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Tambo quote debunked, Mandela quote unverifiable, but Hani fearing that ‘liberators emerge as elitists’ appears correct

A graphic shared on a local Facebook community forum in South Africa quotes three late South African politicians, Chris Hani, Oliver Tambo and Nelson Mandela. 

In all three quotes, the anti-apartheid activists could be interpreted as foreseeing South Africa’s current political climate.  

The graphic is headed “I’ve often wondered about their statements ... What did they see?” and each quote is printed next to a photo of the man being quoted. The Facebook user claims: “This says it all, finish en klaar.” 

But are these quotes accurate?

Quote_Misleading

Tambo ‘never, ever, ever’ said ‘corrupt ANC will be far worse than apartheid’

Memes claiming Oliver Tambo, the former president of South Africa’s governing African National Congress, said that “a corrupt ANC will be far worse than apartheid” have spread widely online before. 

Tambo died on 24 April 1993, a year before South Africa’s first democratic elections which saw the ANC come to power.

Africa Check investigated the quote in 2019 and found no evidence Tambo ever said anything like it.

A number of people, including biographers and those who knew Tambo personally, told us the quote sounded entirely out of character.

Albie Sachs, the retired constitutional court judge who worked closely with Tambo in the 1980s, said: “He would never have used that comparison, ever, ever, ever.” 

No concrete evidence of Mandela urging supporters to ‘do to the ANC what you did to the apartheid government’

Africa Check has also conducted an in-depth investigation into the quote supposedly by former South African and ANC president Nelson Mandela

Mandela is meant to have said: “If the ANC does to you what the apartheid  government did to you, then you must do to the ANC what you did to the apartheid government.”

This quote has been reproduced many times, and is usually attributed to a speech Mandela made at the fifth national gathering of the Congress of South African Trade Unions in September 1994. 

But despite our best efforts we could not find any recording of Mandela saying this in September 1994 or at a special congress held the year before, which may also be when Mandela said the much-quoted words.

He was however speaking on the subject of corruption on that occasion and did say: “Power corrupts. Anybody is corrupted by power, can be corrupted by power. And a society should have means of ensuring that power will not corrupt those you have put in power. And one of the ways of ensuring that does not happen is for you to be critical, to be alert, to be vigilant.”

Hani did say he feared the ‘liberators emerge as elitists’

The graphic is specific about the quote attributed to Chris Hani, dating it 29 October 1992. This was less than six months before the leader of the South African Communist Party was assassinated

The quote is: “What I fear is that the liberators emerge as elitists ... who drive around in Mercedes Benz's and use the resources of this country ... to live in palaces and to gather riches.”

This is also widely quoted, but unlike the Tambo and Mandela quotes, which are usually reproduced without any identifying details like date or place, some of those reproducing Hani’s words refer specifically to an interview he did with Afrikaans-language newspaper Beeld on 29 October 1993.

While we could not find a copy of the newspaper, an online search led us to an undated lecture where Hani is quoted in Afrikaans, and a page reference for the interview in Beeld is given. 

The quote reads: “Wat ek vrees, is dat die bevryders hulle as elitiste sal ontpop ... en in Mercedes Benze sal ry en hierdie land se hulpbronne sal gebruik ... om in paleise te lewe en rykdom te vergader.”

This Afrikaans citation is very close to how he is quoted here and elsewhere

The quote attributed to Hani appears to be accurate, but the Tambo quote is false, and the Mandela quote cannot be verified.

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