“Dr Xiaomei Havard sworn in as Member of SA Parliament,” says a Facebook post circulating in South Africa. “She was born in China”.
Racist and xenophobic comments on the post criticise the news, and imply that it means South Africa is being “colonised” by China. The appointment was also criticised on social media by other members of parliament and the public.
The post shows two photos of a woman with spectacles who appears to be of Asian descent. In one photo, she is wearing the colours of South Africa’s ruling political party, the African National Congress, and sitting at a table covered in an ANC tablecloth.
But Facebook’s fact-checking system has flagged the post as possibly false. So was a woman called Xiaomei Havard sworn as a member of parliament, or MP, representing the ANC?
Dr Xiaomei Havard replacing Jackson Mthembu
The popular minister in the presidency, Jackson Mthembu, died in January 2021 from complications related to Covid-19. All ministers are also MPs.
Small business development minister Khumbudzo Ntshavheni replaced Mthembu as the minister in the presidency “until further notice”, according to an announcement by president Cyril Ramaphosa.
In an interview on radio station Cape Talk following her appointment, Havard said she had given up her Chinese citizenship “fifteen years ago”, was only a South African citizen, and was married to a South African. She vehemently dismissed rumours she was a Chinese spy.
It has been reported that Havard is the first woman of Chinese descent to be sworn in as an MP in South Africa, but at least two women originally from Taiwan have served as MPs in the past. Havard was born in mainland China.
Eugenia Shi-Chia Chang and Sherry Su-Huei Chen were both sworn in as MPs in 2004. Chang represented the Inkatha Freedom Party and Chen the Democratic Alliance.
For publishers: what to do if your post is rated false
A fact-checker has rated your Facebook or Instagram post as “false”. What should you do? First, don't delete!
Click on our guide for the steps you should follow.
Africa Check teams up with Facebook
Africa Check is a partner in Facebook’s third-party fact-checking programme to help stop the spread of false information on social media.
The content we rate as “false” will be downgraded on Facebook and Instagram. This means fewer people will see it.
You can also help identify false information on Facebook. This guide explains how.