Back to Africa Check

Misleading graphics – Kenyans won’t be fined or jailed for rearing animals without a licence

IN SHORT: An eyebrow-raising announcement attributed to Kenya’s agriculture ministry is not what it seems – it is aimed at professionals and has been taken out of context in these widely circulated graphics.

Graphics circulating on social media claim that those who keep farm animals in the country without a licence will have to pay a hefty fine or face imprisonment if caught.

One such graphic, dated 4 December 2023, reads: “Kenyans to Pay Ksh500,000 Fine or 6 Months in Jail or Both for Rearing Farm Animals Without License in the Proposed Animal Production Professionals and Technicians Bill 2023.”

Other versions can be seen here, here, here, here and here. But is the information accurate? We checked.

False claim about Kenyan animal licences

What the bill says

The reports that Kenyans could face a fine of KSh500,000 (US$3,260) or six months in jail, or both, for keeping farm animals have gained traction and sparked much controversy.

Africa Check searched Google for the bill in question. It was published on the website of Kenya’s agriculture ministry.

The Animal Production Professionals and Technicians Bill 2023 will regulate the training, registration, and licensing of veterinarians, researchers, nutritionists and other technicians.

It reads: “Any person who carries out animal production services without having been registered under this Act or otherwise contravenes any provisions of this part commits an offence and shall be liable, on conviction, to a fine not exceeding Sh500,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months, or to both.”

The bill is not aimed at farmers or Kenyans who keep animals, but at professionals who do not meet the requirements to provide animal production services.

The animal production services include;

  • Building capacity in related disciplines
  • Conducting research and development
  • Providing of animal feed and nutrition services
  • Improving and conserving animal genetic resources
  • Developing farm structures, tools and equipment to improve animal welfare

Ignore fake graphics

On 4 December, Jonathan Mueke, the principal secretary of the state department for livestock development, labelled the post fake in a post on X.

He went so far as to describe it as “fake news by enemies of progress”.

Republish our content for free

We believe that everyone needs the facts.

You can republish the text of this article free of charge, both online and in print. However, we ask that you pay attention to these simple guidelines. In a nutshell:

1. Do not include images, as in most cases we do not own the copyright.

2. Please do not edit the article.

3. Make sure you credit "Africa Check" in the byline and don't forget to mention that the article was originally published on

For publishers: what to do if your post is rated false

A fact-checker has rated your Facebook or Instagram post as “false”, “altered”, “partly false” or “missing context”. This could have serious consequences. What do you do?

Click on our guide for the steps you should follow.

Publishers guide

Africa Check teams up with Facebook

Africa Check is a partner in Meta's third-party fact-checking programme to help stop the spread of false information on social media.

The content we rate as “false” will be downgraded on Facebook and Instagram. This means fewer people will see it.

You can also help identify false information on Facebook. This guide explains how.

Add new comment

Restricted HTML

  • Allowed HTML tags: <a href hreflang> <em> <strong> <cite> <blockquote cite> <code> <ul type> <ol start type> <li> <dl> <dt> <dd> <h2 id> <h3 id> <h4 id> <h5 id> <h6 id>
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.
  • Web page addresses and email addresses turn into links automatically.
limit: 600 characters

Want to keep reading our fact-checks?

We will never charge you for verified, reliable information. Help us keep it that way by supporting our work.

Become a newsletter subscriber

Support independent fact-checking in Africa.