But the tweet’s statistics are incorrect, according to the most recent data on poverty in South Africa.
Three poverty lines
South Africa has three poverty lines, which “capture different degrees of poverty and allow the country to measure and monitor poverty at different levels”.
This is according to Statistics South Africa, the national statistical agency. Stats SA uses data on the money people spend to calculate the number of people living in poverty.
In 2015, the upper-bound poverty line – the highest measure – was set at R992 a month. A person who spent less than that each month was considered to be living in poverty.
Based on this, an estimated 30.4 million people in South Africa lived in poverty. This was equal to 55.5% of the population.
Fewer than 50,000 white people in poverty
A racial breakdown of the data does not show that a million white people live in poverty. In fact, the estimate is magnitudes lower at 47,494. This represents just 1% of the white population.
|People living in poverty in South Africa by population group (2015)|
|Population group||Number||% of population group|
Source: Statistics South Africa’s Poverty Trends in South Africa (2015)
In comparison, 64.2% of the black population and 41.3% of the coloured population live in poverty. – Africa Check
Republish our content for free
For publishers: what to do if your post is rated false
A fact-checker has rated your Facebook or Instagram post as “false”, “altered”, “partly false” or “missing context”. This could have serious consequences. What do you do?
Click on our guide for the steps you should follow.Publishers guide
Africa Check teams up with Facebook
Africa Check is a partner in Meta's third-party fact-checking programme to help stop the spread of false information on social media.
The content we rate as “false” will be downgraded on Facebook and Instagram. This means fewer people will see it.
You can also help identify false information on Facebook. This guide explains how.