Back to Africa Check

No, Ugandan writer Kakwenza Rukirabashaija not dead – but still in police custody

On 28 December 2021, award-winning Ugandan writer Kakwenza Rukirabashaija was taken from house arrest into police detention.



Rukirabashaija is a vocal critic of Ugandan president Yoweri Museveni, who has ruled the country for more than 35 years. 

The writer has been detained before. His nonfiction book Banana Republic: Where Writing is Treasonous details his torture whiled in police detention in 2020. That detention was likely due to his novel The Greedy Barbarian, published in early 2020.

In October 2021, Rukirabashaija was awarded the PEN Pinter Prize for an International Writer of Courage. PEN International is a UK-based global association of writers.

It’s been reported that Rukirabashaija has again been tortured in detention. His lawyer told the UK Guardian that “at one time he was urinating blood”.

And on 1 January 2022, the Ugandan police announced that Rukirabashaija had died in detention. Or so it seems from a screenshot of what seems to be a tweet by the authorities, circulating on Facebook.

“We regret to announce the death of Novelist Kakwenza Rukirabasaija,” it reads, misspelling the writer’s surname.

“He has been in our custody on charges of offensive communication and was to be arraigned to court on 3rd Jan 2022. He had earlier informed us of his diabetic complications and our health team was responding to him.

“We send our condolences to the deceased family and friends.”

The image is headed by the handle of the verified Uganda Police Force Twitter account.

Has Rukirabashaija died in detention? And did Uganda’s police take to Twitter to announce his death? We checked.


Writer charged with ‘offensive communication’ days later

A quick Google News search for “Kakwenza Rukirabashaija” reveals that the writer is alive – and on 11 January was charged with two counts of the Ugandan crime of “offensive communication” for criticising Museveni and the president’s son, Muhoozi Kainerugaba.

Uganda’s police also dismissed the screenshot, labelling it, on Twitter, as “fake news”.



On 3 January, PEN International tweeted a call for Rukirabashaija’s release.



“PEN has reliably learned that @KakwenzaRukira is badly tortured & in need of urgent medical assistance. We demand the #Uganda authorities immediately & unconditionally release Kakwenza & stop persecuting him for expressing critical views. #FreeKakwenza,” the tweet reads.

On 12 January Rukirabashaija’s lawyer confirmed that he had seen the novelist in prison and that, though badly tortured, the writer “will soon have his say”.

Rukirabashaija is alive, in custody, and awaiting trial.

Republish our content for free

We believe that everyone needs the facts.

You can republish the text of this article free of charge, both online and in print. However, we ask that you pay attention to these simple guidelines. In a nutshell:

1. Do not include images, as in most cases we do not own the copyright.

2. Please do not edit the article.

3. Make sure you credit "Africa Check" in the byline and don't forget to mention that the article was originally published on

For publishers: what to do if your post is rated false

A fact-checker has rated your Facebook or Instagram post as “false”, “altered”, “partly false” or “missing context”. This could have serious consequences. What do you do?

Click on our guide for the steps you should follow.

Publishers guide

Africa Check teams up with Facebook

Africa Check is a partner in Meta's third-party fact-checking programme to help stop the spread of false information on social media.

The content we rate as “false” will be downgraded on Facebook and Instagram. This means fewer people will see it.

You can also help identify false information on Facebook. This guide explains how.

Add new comment

Restricted HTML

  • Allowed HTML tags: <a href hreflang> <em> <strong> <cite> <blockquote cite> <code> <ul type> <ol start type> <li> <dl> <dt> <dd> <h2 id> <h3 id> <h4 id> <h5 id> <h6 id>
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.
  • Web page addresses and email addresses turn into links automatically.
limit: 600 characters

Want to keep reading our fact-checks?

We will never charge you for verified, reliable information. Help us keep it that way by supporting our work.

Become a newsletter subscriber

Support independent fact-checking in Africa.