It includes an old claim that “pregnant women in poor communities, particularly in the Eastern Cape, abused alcohol with the intention of harming the foetus so that they could claim higher social welfare payments”.
Copied from TimesLive article debunked in 2014
The article is a word for word copy of a TimesLive article published in 2014. At the time, Africa Check rated the article exaggerated. (Read our report here: “Media reports exaggerate the number of Zambian and SA women who binge drink”.)
Africa Check asked Professor Jonathan Shepherd, the focal person at the WHO Violence Prevention Alliance, about the claim that pregnant women drink to harm their unborn children.
“I am delighted to report that this claim is complete fiction,” he told us. “Neither I nor my research team have ever studied South African women. I am astonished that anyone should believe that we have.”
Not the heaviest drinkers in Africa
According to the WHO’s estimates of global alcohol consumption, South African women drank an average of 2.7 litres of pure alcohol in 2016.
But the 2016 estimates of consumption by women in a few other African countries are higher.
For both Nigeria and Gabon it’s 4.6 litres of pure alcohol, and for Equatorial Guinea it’s 4.7 litres.
Foetal alcohol disorders and care dependency grant
Claims that pregnant South African women, “particularly in the Eastern Cape”, deliberately drink alcohol to harm their unborn children originated in a 2012 article by the Herald, a newspaper based in the Eastern Cape province. The claim was also picked up by UK news channel Sky TV. Both articles have since been deleted.
Africa Check debunked the claims in 2013, finding they were based on anecdotal evidence.
South Africa’s care dependency grant provides a monthly stipend to the main caregiver of a severely disabled child.
FASD is a range of disorders caused by drinking alcohol during pregnancy. It can lead to learning difficulties, growth deficiencies, speech problems and behavioural issues in children. The care dependency grant is only paid if a medical officer finds that the child has a permanent and severe medical disability.
No research shows disorders caused deliberately
Africa Check could not locate any report, from the WHO or any other source, that contained evidence of South African women deliberately abusing alcohol during pregnancy in order to give birth to disabled babies and qualify for a social grant. – Africa Check
|UPDATE: This report was updated to clarify that there is no evidence showing that South African women drink deliberately to harm their babies.|
For publishers: what to do if your post is rated false
You’ve posted an image, a video, a statement or a link to an article on Facebook or Instagram. And a fact-checker has rated it “false”, “partly false” or “false headline”.
This could mean fewer people will see your page. What should you do? First, don't delete!
Click on our guide below for the steps you should follow.
Africa Check teams up with Facebook
Africa Check has partnered with Facebook to combat fake news and false information on the social platform. This fact-check is part of the initiative.
As part of its third-party fact-checking programme, Facebook allows its partners to see public articles, pictures or videos that have been flagged as potentially inaccurate.
Content rated as “false” by fact-checkers will be downgraded in news feeds. This means fewer people will see it.
You can help us identify fake news and false information on Facebook. This guide explains how.
© Copyright Africa Check 2020. Read our republishing guidelines. You may reproduce this piece or content from it for the purpose of reporting and/or discussing news and current events. This is subject to: Crediting Africa Check in the byline, keeping all hyperlinks to the sources used and adding this sentence at the end of your publication: “This report was written by Africa Check, a non-partisan fact-checking organisation. View the original piece on their website", with a link back to this page.