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How many African states ban same-sex relations?

In its 2020 State Sponsored Homophobia report, the International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association (ILGA) found that 31 of 54 United Nation (UN) member states in Africa criminalised consensual same-sex sexual acts between adults in private.

In Egypt, the association found that “even though there are no laws explicitly criminalising consensual same-sex sexual acts, other laws are used in practice to arrest, prosecute and convict people of diverse sexual orientations and gender identities”. This was referred to as “de facto criminalisation”.

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