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How many poor people are there in Nigeria?

A nationally representative survey of poverty in Nigeria was done in 2009/10. For this, the National Bureau of Statistics drew the absolute poverty line at N55,235 per person per year, with 62.6% of Nigerians (102.2 million) falling into this category.

More recently, the US-based Brookings Institute estimated that 94.4 million Nigerians were living in extreme poverty in September 2019. The researchers used the United Nations definition of extreme poverty, which is anyone earning less than $1.90 per day at 2011 internationally adjusted prices.


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