A graphic shared on Facebook in South Africa says a luxury car dealership in a suburb of Johannesburg has closed down, “thanks to Covid-19”.
The graphic appears to be a personal message written by someone called Wayne Engelbrecht and includes a photo of a building with a large Audi logo. Is the closure accurate? Yes.
“Chicken pieces exported from Brazil test positive for coronavirus,” reads the headline of an article on the Zimbabwe-based website ZimEye.
It was posted on Facebook, where the social network’s fact-checking system flagged it as possibly false. Did chicken pieces exported from Brazil to China test positive for the new coronavirus that causes Covid-19? If so, should we be worried?
People applying for South Africa’s National Student Financial Aid Scheme (NSFAS) won’t have to certify the documents they submit during the Covid-19 pandemic, claims a post published on Facebook on 6 August 2020.
The post shows a screenshot of what appears to be a tweet by NSFAS. Did NSFAS remove the requirement for applicants to submit certified documents during the Covid-19 crisis? Yes.
A number of Facebook posts claim politician Bantu Holomisa has called for the resignation of the entire cabinet of South Africa. Holomisa is co-founder and president of the United Democratic Movement, or UDM, a smaller political party.
Many of the posts were of the same identical message, repeatedly posted by the same person to several different Facebook groups. The message has been viewed hundreds of thousands of times. But, suspicious as it may seem, is this claim true? Yes.
“June Almeida, the woman who discovered first human coronavirus in 1964,” claims a graphic posted on Facebook in South Africa. It shows a black and white photo of a woman in a lab coat looking into a microscope.
The graphic was flagged as possibly false by Facebook’s fact-checking system. Did June Almeida discover the first coronavirus? Yes, Almeida was part of the team that discovered the first human coronavirus, which was reported in the journal BMJ in 1965.
“I was paid R55 million by WHO,” reads a Facebook post from 13 July 2020. “AKA confesses after people questioned his coronavirus results.”
The post refers to rapper Kiernan Forbes, known by his stage name AKA, who tested positive for the new coronavirus and announced on Twitter he had been paid R55 million, about US$3.5 million, to publicise his test results. Did AKA admit to being paid by the WHOs? He was being sarcastic.
“Korea had their exams for students on the pitch in order to maintained social distancing law,” claims a graphic posted on Facebook on 18 July 2020.
It shows four photos of people sitting at desks evenly spaced on a sports stadium field. They are all wearing masks. Facebook’s fact-checking system flagged the graphic as possibly false. But it is true.
In a sign of the times that has become hauntingly familiar across the world, a photo of rows of hospital beds inside what looks like a large warehouse has been shared on Facebook in South Africa.
“Stay Home! Kubi in Cape Town… Gauteng is next!” its caption reads. “CTICC Temporary Hospital… Today!” The photo was posted on 29 June 2020. CTICC is the Cape Town International Convention Centre. Is this a photo of the temporary CTICC hospital? Yes.
“Case of bubonic plague suspected in China,” reads the headline of a CNN news report in a photo of a TV shared on Facebook. It was posted with the comment: “Can we get a break please.”
As of 9 July 2020, the world had more than 12 million cases of Covid-19, a disease first identified in China. Is there now a danger of bubonic plague? Yes – the World Health Organization is “carefully monitoring” the case in Inner Mongolia, and that it is “not high risk”.
In April 2020 Madagascar’s president Andry Rajoelina launched Covid-Organics, a herbal remedy he claimed could cure Covid-19. There is no evidence that it does.
Now, according to news reports posted on Facebook, the African island country has had to impose a new lockdown due to a “surge in virus cases”. But many of the reports have been flagged as possibly false by Facebook’s fact-checking system. Has Madagascar reintroduced a lockdown after a surge in Covid-19 cases? Yes it has.
People living in Lagos, a Nigerian state that includes its major city, can buy a Covid-19 test at a private laboratory for N50,400 – about US$130. That’s according to several news reports posted on Facebook.
Facebook’s fact-checking system has flagged the reports as possibly false. Can people unable to access Lagos state’s free service now pay N50,400 for a private test? Yes.
Crowds of people ignored Covid-19 social distancing rules by visiting beaches in Bournemouth, a coastal town in southern England, according to an article on the South African site Eyewitness News.
It shows a photo of people relaxing and swimming on a beach next to a pier in Bournemouth, credited to news agency AFP and dated 25 June.
Facebook has flagged the article as possibly false, but it’s correct.
“First African Covid-19 vaccine trial kicks off on SA soil,” reads the headline of a 23 June 2020 article on HeraldLive.
South African news organisations eNCA and Sowetan Live have also reported the news.
Users on Facebook flagged the HeraldLive article and others like it as possibly false. But they are true.
Researchers say dexamethasone, a steroid drug, improves seriously ill Covid-19 patients’ chances of survival, claim a slew of news articles shared on Facebook since 16 June 2020.
The BBC described it as a “breakthrough treatment” for coronavirus, and TimesLive said it was a “miracle drug”. The reports have been flagged as possibly false by Facebook’s fact-checking system. But they are correct.
Muslim Friday prayers, known as juma’at and juma’ah, would resume in Nigeria’s north-central state of Kwara on 19 June 2020, according to a Facebook post.
“Breaking: Juma’at prayers to begin in Kwara Friday,” it reads. On 26 March the state government ordered all mosques and churches closed as part of measures to curb the spread of Covid-19. But have mosques in the state been allowed to reopen? Yes.
“Momentum and Dis-Chem has announced that they will be offering private lab COVID testing to non-medical aid and unemployed patients,” says a WhatsApp message Africa Check received on 8 June 2020.
The message says South African pharmacy and clinic chain Dis-Chem will do free Covid-19 tests for patients without medical aid who are referred through Hello Doctor. This is true.
The Lagos state government has spent N800 million, over US$2 million, on 16,000 Covid-19 tests. That’s the claim a Facebook user made, flagged as possibly false by the platform’s fact-checking system.
“France made face masks mandatory in public – but its ban on face veils, burqas and niqabs is still in force,” reads an Instagram post doing the rounds on the social network in South Africa.
“Officials told @washingtonpost women who wear them as face coverings can be punished with fines.”
Three Instagram users have reported the post as potentially false. We investigated.
“A worker infected 533 others with coronavirus at a factory in Ghana, president says,” claims a 25 May 2020 article on the site Report RSA.
“All 533 of them contracted the virus from one worker at the factory in the port city of Tema, the president said in his public address to the nation Sunday.”
The article has been flagged as possibly false by Facebook’s fact-checking system. But it’s correct.
“As I stop supporting China Malls,” reads text on a screenshot of a Facebook post, reposted on 15 May 2020.
It shows a photo of a sign on a wall, in different languages. The English text reads: “DO NOT RENT TO AFRICAN/NEGRO” and “0% AFRICAN/NEGRO TENANT”. A red circle around the words “AFRICAN NEGRO” has a diagonal line through it in the common symbol for “not allowed”. The sign is not from China but from Malaysia, and it is sadly true.
Riek Machar Teny, first vice president of South Sudan, has tested positive for the Covid-19 coronavirus disease, claims an article on the blog Nile Spear TV.
It says Angelina Teny, the country’s defence minister and Machar’s wife, has also tested positive, along with “a number of his office staff and bodyguards”.
The article was posted on Facebook on 19 May 2020, and flagged as possibly false by the social network’s fact-checking system. But it’s correct.
Governor Nyesom Wike of Nigeria’s River state has ordered two hotels to be demolished for continuing to operate during the coronavirus lockdown.
That’s according to several Facebook posts users flagged as possibly false.
RAMAPHOSA: THE WORST IS STILL COMING!” reads the headline of a 5 May 2020 article in the Daily Sun.
The article was posted on Facebook, where it was flagged as possibly false. But it is accurate.
“Lockdown: Cigarettes, liquor still won’t be for sale on Level 4,” reads the headline of a 29 April 2020 article on South African news site Fin24.
The article was posted on Facebook, where it’s been viewed more than 300,000 times –and flagged as possibly false by the social network’s fact-checking system. But to the dismay of some smokers and drinkers, it’s correct.
Melinda Gates, co-chair of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and wife of US billionaire Bill Gates, has said the coronavirus pandemic “will make Africa have dead bodies lying on the streets”.
That’s the claim in a 12 April 2020 post on Facebook in Kenya. Read what exactly she said.
“World Bank Applauds Tanzania on Anti Corona Policy Response, warns African Countries Copying Western Anti-Covid 19 Policies,” reads the headline of an article shared on Facebook.
High rates of gender-based violence are a huge concern for South Africa. When president Cyril Ramaphosa announced a 21-day national lockdown to help slow the spread of Covid-19, many were worried that victims of this violence would be stuck indoors with their abusers.
The concerns seemed warranted when police minister Bheki Cele said that 87,000 cases of gender-based violence had been reported by phone in the first week of lockdown. But this number was inaccurate.
“Scientists in London will pay volunteers 400k to be infected with Coronavirus in experiments to develop a vaccine for the deadly virus,” claims a post on a Kenyan Facebook page.
Yes, UK firm hVIVO is looking to study coronaviruses – but not the new coronavirus that causes Covid-19, but other, more common coronaviruses. Read the full story here.
Did two French doctors say a coronavirus vaccine should be tested in Africa? That’s the claim in status updates and articles posted on Facebook in several African countries.
Yes, they did make the controversial remarks, triggering outrage. One has since apologised. Read how it all unfolded.
Can the new coronavirus be spread on banknotes? The question came on Africa Check’s Kenya WhatsApp fact-checking line.
“So, there’s a new claim that currency notes actually are possible conduits of the virus. How true is this?” It is possible.
Has the World Health Organization declared Covid-19 coronavirus outbreak a pandemic – an infectious disease that is spreading around the world? This was reported by KTN News, a national Kenyan TV on 11 March 2020. But the post was flagged as possibly false by Facebook’s fact-checking system.
In a media briefing on 11 March, WHO director general Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said the agency had “made the assessment that Covid-19 can be characterised as a pandemic”. Get the details here.
Several news media in Africa on 21 January 2020 reported that the World Health Organization had declared the outbreak of novel coronavirus a global health emergency. But some readers weren’t too convinced, and flagged these reports to us.
The WHO has since declared Covid -19 a pandemic – which is the worldwide spread of a disease. Read all about pandemics here.
Was a student arriving in Kenya from China admitted to hospital after “exhibiting coronavirus-like symptoms”? National TV stations reported this in January 2020, but some readers still had their doubts. But it did happen.
On 28 January Kenya’s ministry of health issued a statement on its Facebook and Twitter pages confirming that a patient showing coronavirus symptoms had been admitted to the hospital and they were conducting tests.
But Kenya’s first Covid-19 case was only confirmed on 13 March.
Did a pet dog in Hong Kong test positive for Covid-19? Yes, a dog in Hong Kong did test positive for the new coronavirus, but there’s no evidence that pets can spread it to people. That’s according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or CDC, and the World Health Organization.
Officials said it was likely a case of human-to-animal transmission. “Members of the public are advised to differentiate that ‘being infected’ does not equal being infectious and capable of spreading the Covid-19 virus,” the Hong Kong SPCA was quoted as saying. Get the details of this case here.
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