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Educator knowledge hub

A knowledge hub for educators that will help you introduce fact-checking concepts to your students and teach them the media literacy skills they need to identify and stop the spread of disinformation and misinformation.

With many students having access to the internet and mobile devices from a young age, it's important that they have the skills and knowledge to critically assess if information should be believed and shared. The resources in this knowledge hub are available for educators to use to teach students the necessary critical-thinking skills to sort fact from fiction, creating a young generation of responsible media consumers. 

Please note that the lesson plans below were originally created for educators in South Africa with local students in mind. While educators from elsewhere are welcome to use these materials, minor aspects of them may differ from your context.


We've created lessons for grades 8 to 11 on various fact-checking and media literacy topics across different themes. They are free to download and use, with the goal of helping your students distinguish fact from fiction in their day-to-day lives. 

Grade 8

A selection of free-to-use lessons for grade 8 educators.


English home language: Lesson 1

Understanding bias



English home language: Lesson 2

Understanding ‘fake news'


English home language: Lesson 3

Proving your story is real

Grade 9

A selection of free-to-use lessons for grade 9 educators.


English home language: Lesson 1

Spotting false information (part 1)



English home language: Lesson 2

Spotting false information (part 2)



History: Lesson 1

“Fake news” is old news

Grade 10

A selection of free-to-use lessons for grade 10 educators.


English home language: Lesson 1

Why do we fall for false information? (part 1)



English home language: Lesson 2

Why do we fall for false information? (part 2)


Life orientation: Lesson 1

Prejudice and stereotypes (part 1)


Life orientation: Lesson 2

Prejudice and stereotypes (part 2)

Grade 11

A selection of free-to-use lessons for grade 11 educators.


English first additional language: Lesson 1

Trace the viral photo (part 1)



English first additional language: Lesson 2

Trace the viral photo (part 2)



Life orientation: Lesson 1

What to do if your family or friends share misinformation


Use these tipsheets as handouts in class or as easy reference tools for fact-checking different types of information.

TIPSHEET #1: False information on WhatsApp

TIPSHEET #1: False info on WhatsApp

Just because it’s online doesn’t mean it’s true! Ask yourself (and others) these questions before forwarding a message. 


TIPSHEET #2: Fake health claims

TIPSHEET #2: Fake health claims

Use this handy guide to help you sift out the real from the dodgy when it comes to your health.


TIPSHEET #3: Verifying breaking news

TIPSHEET #3: Verifying breaking news

How can you check if the information you receive is credible? Follow these simple steps to verify breaking news.


Media literacy research

Research on media literacy in Africa.


Getting fact-checkers' methods into the curriculum: the six Cs of misinformation literacy

Misinformation can harm health, life choices and even democracy, but the essential skills needed to identify it are rarely taught. With insights from a study he and five colleagues recently published, Peter Cunliffe-Jones argues for an expanded definition of media literacy.

Date published: June 2021

ml africa

An assessment of media literacy and fact-checking training needs in South African schools and universities

Researchers: Prof Herman Wasserman and Dr Dani Madrid-Morales

Date published: March 2022


A series of TikTok videos explaining fact-checking concepts in short and easy-to-follow steps.

zombie claims

How to avoid falling for zombie claims

This video takes students through the steps of identifying so-called zombie claims.

facebook scams

Spotting Facebook scams

This video shows you how to spot and avoid falling for Facebook scams.

whatsapp tips

Before forwarding a WhatsApp

Here are Africa Check’s five questions you should ask yourself before forwarding a message on WhatsApp.

video images

Verifying images or videos

Here are Africa Check’s tips to verifying if an image or video is legit.

fake news

Identifying fake news

Here are Africa Check’s top four ways to spot fake news.


What to do when you come across questionable information

With the flood of information available to us at the click of a button, dodgy claims are never far behind. Here are 5 questions to ask yourself.


How to identify AI-generated images

It can be tricky to tell whether or not an image is real, especially with the emergence of advanced technology. Here's what to look out for.


How can you tell if a photo is real?

You can use platforms like Google Reverse Image Search and TinEye to see where an image comes from, where else it’s been used and if modified versions of that image exist.


How to identify false information on social media

A lot of information circulates on social media. It’s important that you’re able to identify false information. Here are three tips to help you do just that.


The difference between misinformation and disinformation

There are two forms of false information: misinformation and disinformation. Misinformation is when false information is spread unintentionally, while disinformation is when false information is spread with the intention to mislead.


How to identify types of disinformation

At a click of a button, we can get access to a flood of information in a matter of seconds. We give a breakdown of five types of disinformation and how you can identify them.


Dealing with family members who share misinformation

Dealing with family members who share misinformation can be challenging, and it is important that we approach this matter with care. Africa Check gives you five tips to help you pull it off.

whatsapp info

Verifying information before forwarding on WhatsApp

Information that does not provide a source is often not credible. If there is a source, check the author’s credibility. If the information is not reported by other credible news sites, it’s likely false.

How-to videos

Watch these videos with your students to help them learn how to identify false information and fact-check claims on their own. 

fake news

How to avoid falling for false news

False news can lead to poor health decisions, hardening of stereotypes, creating social divisions and damaging the public’s trust in the media. Plus, these stories get shared a lot and attract traffic to the dodgy website. Here are our four top tips to spotting a false news story.

verify images

How to verify images and videos

They say “seeing is believing” but in the age of false news and false information, we need to be more and more careful about trusting our eyes. So how can you tell if a video or image is true or false? Here are a few simple steps to verifying videos or images.

doubt pic

How false information spreads

Ever wonder how false information, often referred to as "fake news", spreads so easily and how you can play a role in stopping it? We cover false information, including mis- and disinformation, how it spreads as well as the role bias plays.

Additional resources

Additional resources that may be helpful to you and your students.



Disinformation is false information deliberately spread by bad actors. When false information spreads and takes hold in our communities, the consequences can range from threatening our physical health, to curtailing the civil liberties of targeted groups, and even violence. Join YALIChecks today to stop disinformation and commit to only sharing factual information with others and helping to prevent the spread of harmful disinformation. Watch this page for resources to understand the difference between disinformation and misinformation, test your knowledge about disinformation tactics, and ways to educate others about the characteristics of disinformation. 

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