With many students having access to the internet and mobile devices from a young age, it's important that they have the skills and knowledge to critically assess if information should be believed and shared. The resources in this knowledge hub are available for educators to use to teach students the necessary critical-thinking skills to sort fact from fiction, creating a young generation of responsible media consumers.
Please note that the lesson plans below were originally created for educators in South Africa with local students in mind. While educators from elsewhere are welcome to use these materials, minor aspects of them may differ from your context.
We've created lessons for grades 8 to 11 on various fact-checking and media literacy topics across different themes. They are free to download and use, with the goal of helping your students distinguish fact from fiction in their day-to-day lives.
A selection of free-to-use lessons for grade 8 educators.
Fact or opinion? (part1)
Fact or opinion? (part 2)
Understanding ‘fake news'
Proving your story is real
A selection of free-to-use lessons for grade 9 educators.
A selection of free-to-use lessons for grade 10 educators.
Quacks and cures (part 1)
Quacks and cures (part 2)
Why do we fall for false information? (part 1)
Why do we fall for false information? (part 2)
Prejudice and stereotypes (part 1)
Prejudice and stereotypes (part 2)
A selection of free-to-use lessons for grade 11 educators.
Trace the viral photo (part 1)
Trace the viral photo (part 2)
Truth or lies?
Compare and contrast
What to do if your family or friends share misinformation
Use these tipsheets as handouts in class or as easy reference tools for fact-checking different types of information.
Just because it’s online doesn’t mean it’s true! Ask yourself (and others) these questions before forwarding a message.
Use this handy guide to help you sift out the real from the dodgy when it comes to your health.
How can you check if the information you receive is credible? Follow these simple steps to verify breaking news.
Media literacy research
Research on media literacy in Africa.
Misinformation can harm health, life choices and even democracy, but the essential skills needed to identify it are rarely taught. With insights from a study he and five colleagues recently published, Peter Cunliffe-Jones argues for an expanded definition of media literacy.
Date published: June 2021
An assessment of media literacy and fact-checking training needs in South African schools and universities
Researchers: Prof Herman Wasserman and Dr Dani Madrid-Morales
Date published: March 2022
A series of TikTok videos explaining fact-checking concepts in short and easy-to-follow steps.
This video takes students through the steps of identifying so-called zombie claims.
This video shows you how to spot and avoid falling for Facebook scams.
Here are Africa Check’s five questions you should ask yourself before forwarding a message on WhatsApp.
Here are Africa Check’s tips to verifying if an image or video is legit.
Here are Africa Check’s top four ways to spot fake news.
With the flood of information available to us at the click of a button, dodgy claims are never far behind. Here are 5 questions to ask yourself.
It can be tricky to tell whether or not an image is real, especially with the emergence of advanced technology. Here's what to look out for.
You can use platforms like Google Reverse Image Search and TinEye to see where an image comes from, where else it’s been used and if modified versions of that image exist.
A lot of information circulates on social media. It’s important that you’re able to identify false information. Here are three tips to help you do just that.
There are two forms of false information: misinformation and disinformation. Misinformation is when false information is spread unintentionally, while disinformation is when false information is spread with the intention to mislead.
At a click of a button, we can get access to a flood of information in a matter of seconds. We give a breakdown of five types of disinformation and how you can identify them.
Dealing with family members who share misinformation can be challenging, and it is important that we approach this matter with care. Africa Check gives you five tips to help you pull it off.
Information that does not provide a source is often not credible. If there is a source, check the author’s credibility. If the information is not reported by other credible news sites, it’s likely false.
Watch these videos with your students to help them learn how to identify false information and fact-check claims on their own.
False news can lead to poor health decisions, hardening of stereotypes, creating social divisions and damaging the public’s trust in the media. Plus, these stories get shared a lot and attract traffic to the dodgy website. Here are our four top tips to spotting a false news story.
They say “seeing is believing” but in the age of false news and false information, we need to be more and more careful about trusting our eyes. So how can you tell if a video or image is true or false? Here are a few simple steps to verifying videos or images.
Ever wonder how false information, often referred to as "fake news", spreads so easily and how you can play a role in stopping it? We cover false information, including mis- and disinformation, how it spreads as well as the role bias plays.
Additional resources that may be helpful to you and your students.
Disinformation is false information deliberately spread by bad actors. When false information spreads and takes hold in our communities, the consequences can range from threatening our physical health, to curtailing the civil liberties of targeted groups, and even violence. Join YALIChecks today to stop disinformation and commit to only sharing factual information with others and helping to prevent the spread of harmful disinformation. Watch this page for resources to understand the difference between disinformation and misinformation, test your knowledge about disinformation tactics, and ways to educate others about the characteristics of disinformation.