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No, UN doesn’t have power to declare Biafra independent from Nigeria

Latsa nan don karanta wannan rohoton da Hausa. Click here to read this report in Hausa.

The United Nations plans to declare Biafra an independent nation in 2020, if Nigerian president Muhammadu Buhari “refuses to assent” to its freedom, claims a Facebook post shared on 25 November 2019.

Biafra is a region in south-eastern Nigeria. Its secession in 1967 sparked a civil war, and sympathisers’ calls for its independence continue.

The post is on the IPOB News Facebook page. The page is run by the Indigenous People of Biafra, an organisation that works for Biafran independence.

The United Nations will unveil what is best described as ‘Plan B’ to declare Biafra Independence, in case Nigerian president refuses to assent to the pact,” it reads. It does not make clear what the “pact” is.

“The Chief Editor of Biafra news agency, John Nweke, disclosed that with what is going on now, the United Nations has determined to put Biafra freedom in the 2020 programme.

“It is believed that before a Nation can receive its freedom the President of the Nation needs to put his signature, but now there is a plan B put in place to declare an Independent Nation unilaterally by the United Nation even if the President would not sign.

“Nweke confirmed further that there is going to be a circular that will be sent to all Presidents of all nations to put them.”

‘The UN has no such powers’

The United Nations can’t declare Biafra a sovereign state, Prof Saleh Dauda, a political science and international relations expert and lecturer at Nigeria’s University of Abuja, told Africa Check. 

“The United Nations was established by international laws. It does not have the power to unilaterally declare any part of any country a sovereign state,” Dauda said. 

“Before the UN can get involved or admit Biafra as a sovereign state, there is a process that must be completed. For Biafra, that process has not started. There must be a referendum. The government of the country must agree. The UN will deliberate on it and will also be a fact-finding mission.” – Allwell Okpi

Majalisar dinkin duniya ba ta da hurumin da zata ba wa yankin Biafra yancin kai

Majalisar dinkin duniya zata tabbatar wa da yankin Biafra yancin kansa a 2020, matukar shugaba Muhammad Buhari ya ki amincewa su ci gashin kansu,  a cewar wata da’awa da ke ta yawo a Facebook wadda aka rarraba a ranar 20 ga watan Nuwamba 2019.

Biafra wani yanki ne da ke kudu maso arewacin Najeriya. Janye kansu da yankin yayi a 1967 ya jawo barkewar yakin basasa, har wasu na ganin gwara a basu yancin kan nasu.

Shafin Facebook na Ipos News ne su ka wallafa rubutun. Shafin mallakar yan asalin yankin Biafra, wadda ta kasance  kungiyar fafutukar samun yancin Biafra.

“Majalisar dinkin duniya zata bayyana ‘shirin da ta tanada’ don bawa yankin Biafra yancin kansu, matukar shugaba Buhari ya gaza amincewa da yarjejeniyar su,” rubutun ya ce. Sai dai rubutu bai bayyana yarjejeniyar ba.

John Nweke, babban editan wata kafar watsa labarai ta Biafra ya bayyana cewa, “ bisa ga yadda abubuwa ke tafiya, majalisar dinkin duniya ta sha alwashin ganin yankin Biafra ya samu yancin kansa a 2020”.

“An san cewa kafin kasa ta samu yancin kanta tilas ne shugaban kasar ya rattaba hannu, amma yanzu akwai wani shirin da aka tanada don amfani da shi wajen ganin yankin ya samu yancin kansa ko da shugaban kasan ya gaza rattaba hannun,” Nweke ya cigaba da cewa.

Nweke ya ce, “za’a fitar da wata takardar ga duka shugabannin kasashen duniya”.

Majalisar dinkin duniya bata da wannan ikon

Majalisar dinkin duniya ba ta da ikon da zata bawa yankin Biafra yancin kansa,” Farfesa Saleh Dauda masani akan kimiyyar siyasa da dangantakar kasa da kasa kuma malami a jami’ar Abuja Najeriya,  ya shaidawa Africa Check.

Farfesa Dauda ya kara da cewa, “Majalisar dinkin duniya na tafiya da dokar kasa da kasa. Bata da karfin bawa wani yanki na kowacce kasa yancin cin gashin kansa.”

Kafin majalisar dinkin duniya ta bawa wata kasa yancin cin gashin kanta, akwai wasu matakai da ake bi. Yankin Biafra ko fara bin wadannan matakai bai yi ba. Dole ne a yi zaman raba gardama, haka nan dole gwamnatin kasa ta amince, sannan majalisar dinkin duniyar ta fara aikin duba da kuma nemo hakikanin gaskiya. – Allwell Okpi


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